Personal Core Value: Self Direction of Action
5 Min Read
The Personal Core Value: Self Direction of Action is an Intrinsic Motivator.
Gain insights into balancing individual freedom with social responsibilities and learn how embracing the value of self-direction of action can lead to a more fulfilling and self-determined life.
1. What is Self-Direction of Action?
"The only person you are destined to become is the person you decide to be." - Ralph Waldo Emerson
Self-Direction of Action is a personal value that focuses on the importance of being independent and making your own decisions. It's about having the freedom to choose your own way in life, setting your own goals, and relying on yourself. This value means you have a strong sense of freedom, make your own choices, and are proactive in taking steps and making decisions on your own.
Psychologically, Self-Direction of Action is aligned with the concept of internal locus of control, as described by Rotter (1966). Individuals with a high internal locus of control believe that their actions significantly influence the outcomes in their lives. They are more likely to take initiative and feel in control of their destiny (Rotter, 1966).
In the context of Schwartz's Theory of Basic Human Values, Self-Direction of Action falls under the broader category of 'Self-Direction', which Schwartz describes as a value that emphasizes independent thought, creativity, and exploring new ideas (Schwartz, 1992). Individuals valuing Self-Direction are seen as self-reliant and prefer choosing their own goals.
Self-Direction of Action is not merely about independence; it also involves a proactive stance towards life, characterized by goal-setting, personal responsibility, and the pursuit of self-defined objectives. This proactive approach is supported by Deci and Ryan's Self-Determination Theory, which emphasizes autonomy as a fundamental psychological need (Ryan & Deci, 2000).
Self-Direction of Action encapsulates the essence of being master of one's own life, making choices aligned with personal values and beliefs, and steering life's journey with a sense of personal agency and accountability.
2. The Interplay of Self-Direction of Action and Self-Determination Theory
The interplay between Self-Direction of Action and Self-Determination Theory (SDT) offers a profound insight into the dynamics of personal autonomy and motivation. SDT, a psychological theory developed by Deci and Ryan, centers on three core needs: autonomy, competence, and relatedness, which are essential for psychological growth and well-being (Ryan & Deci, 2000).
Autonomy and Self-Direction of Action
Autonomy, a crucial component of SDT, aligns perfectly with Self-Direction of Action. It emphasizes the need for individuals to feel in control of their actions and choices. Self-Direction of Action embodies this need by encouraging individuals to make their own decisions, set personal goals, and take independent actions. This harmony between one's internal values and actions fosters a sense of authenticity and self-fulfillment.
Competence in Self-Direction of Action
Competence involves feeling effective in one's interactions with the environment. Self-Direction of Action nurtures this sense of competence by providing opportunities for individuals to take initiative, solve problems, and see the tangible results of their actions. This active engagement and achievement in personal endeavors reinforce an individual's sense of skill and effectiveness.
Relatedness through Self-Directed Actions
Relatedness refers to the need for connections with others. Self-Direction of Action, while emphasizing independence, does not isolate individuals. Instead, it allows for the formation of relationships based on mutual respect and understanding. When individuals pursue their paths and respect others' rights to do the same, it fosters healthier, more authentic relationships.
The synergy between Self-Direction of Action and SDT highlights how personal autonomy and self-governance are not just aspirations but fundamental psychological needs. By embracing self-directed actions, individuals not only assert their autonomy but also enhance their sense of competence and build meaningful relationships, all of which are vital for psychological well-being and personal growth.
3. Real-Life Examples of Self-Direction of Action
Self-Direction of Action, emphasizing personal autonomy and initiative, manifests in various real-life scenarios with both positive and negative outcomes.
Positive Examples of Self-Direction of Action:
1. Entrepreneurship: Entrepreneurs who start their own businesses exemplify Self-Direction of Action. They take the initiative to create something new, making independent decisions, and steering their ventures based on personal vision and goals.
2. Career Changes: Individuals who actively change their career paths to align better with their personal interests and values demonstrate this value. They take control of their professional lives, making decisions that reflect their aspirations and desires.
Negative Examples of Self-Direction of Action:
1. Neglecting Collaborative Work: Sometimes, an extreme focus on self-direction can lead to neglecting teamwork or collaborative efforts. Individuals might become so focused on their goals and methods that they fail to effectively collaborate or consider others' input.
2. Overlooking Long-term Consequences: In some cases, individuals might make quick decisions based on immediate desires or convenience, without considering the long-term impact. This lack of foresight can lead to adverse outcomes in personal or professional contexts.
These real-life examples showcase the importance of Self-Direction of Action in fostering personal growth and autonomy. However, they also highlight the need for balance, ensuring that this value is exercised with consideration for collaboration and long-term planning.
4. Self-Direction of Action & The Challenges in Today's Modern World
Self-Direction of Action, which emphasizes personal autonomy and independent decision-making, encounters several challenges in the modern world, a landscape characterized by rapid technological changes, interconnected global dynamics, and shifting societal norms.
Challenge of Information Overload
The digital age brings with it an overload of information and choices. While this can be empowering, it also creates a paradox of choice, where too many options can lead to decision paralysis or poor decision-making. Navigating this abundance of information and options requires critical thinking and the ability to distinguish between beneficial and distracting paths.
Balancing Individualism and Collectivism
Today's global culture often swings between individualism and collectivism, posing a challenge for Self-Direction of Action. While individualism promotes autonomy, an excessive focus on it can lead to isolation and neglect of community values. Conversely, strong collectivist tendencies can suppress individual autonomy and unique self-expression.
Technology and Personal Autonomy
Advancements in technology, while offering tools for self-direction and independence, also pose challenges to personal autonomy. Issues like data privacy, online manipulation through targeted marketing, and dependence on digital tools can undermine an individual’s ability to make truly independent choices.
Navigating Social and Professional Expectations
In professional settings, there is often a tension between following one's own direction and adhering to organizational structures and expectations. Finding a balance between personal autonomy and professional compliance can be challenging, especially in hierarchical or rigidly structured environments.
Embracing Self-Direction of Action is key to personal fulfillment and empowerment. It encourages individuals to take charge of their lives, make conscious choices, and actively shape their future. To delve deeper into understanding its role in your personal values, consider taking our comprehensive personality assessment on www.findyourvalues.com. The PVQ-RR assessment, based on Schwartz's refined theory, offers invaluable insights into your core values, empowering you with self-awareness and guiding personal growth (Schwartz & Cieciuch, 2022).
- Rotter, J. B. (1966). Generalized expectancies for internal versus external control of reinforcement. Psychological Monographs: General and Applied.
- Schwartz, S. H. (1992). Universals in the content and structure of values: Theoretical advances and empirical tests in 20 countries. In Advances in experimental social psychology.
- Ryan, R. M., & Deci, E. L. (2000). Self-determination theory and the facilitation of intrinsic motivation, social development, and well-being. American Psychologist.
About The Author
Benedict Heblich, Ph.D. is a values-driven business founder and postdoc in the field of motivational Psychology. He has several scientific publications in the area of self-determination theory & Prof. Schwartz's Theory of Basic Human Values. He is striving to co-create cutting-edge products and services for the best of people and the planet. As the initiator and co-founder of Find Your Values (www.findyourvalues.com), he has developed the research-based personality assessment ‘Core Values Finder’ with his team. The Core Values Finder builds on the best of psychological research and practice to bring humans one step closer to their heart.
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