Personal Core Value: Hedonism
5 Min Read
The Personal Core Value: Hedonism is an Intrinsic Motivator.
Unraveling hedonism – from its ancient origins to its modern implications, and how understanding this core value can unveil layers about your personality.
1. Introduction to Hedonism
The personal core value of hedonism revolves around the pursuit of pleasure and avoidance of pain. Stemming from the Greek word 'hedone', meaning pleasure, hedonism has been a topic of interest and exploration for millennia (Schwartz, 1992).
2. Hedonism in Theoretical Context
Hedonism, as a value, falls under the broader framework of Shalom Schwartz's Basic Human Values Theory. Within this comprehensive structure, hedonism is closely associated with the stimulation and self-direction values, both centered around personal gratification and sensory pleasure (Schwartz, 2006). Moreover, when viewed through the lens of the Self-Determination Theory, hedonistic pursuits can be seen as intrinsically motivating actions that are done for their inherent satisfaction (Deci & Ryan, 1985).
3. Historical Perspective of Hedonism
"Pleasure in the job puts perfection in the work." - Aristotle
The roots of hedonism trace back to ancient civilizations, with Greek philosophers like Epicurus emphasizing the significance of pleasure as the ultimate good. Throughout history, this perspective has evolved, with various societies and cultures interpreting and adapting hedonistic values differently (Sagiv & Schwartz, 2022).
4. Hedonism and Mental Health
Modern psychology often addresses the fine line between seeking pleasure and maintaining mental health. While hedonism can offer moments of happiness, an overindulgence without balance can lead to potential negative repercussions for one's mental well-being (Roccas et al., 2002).
5. Embracing Balanced Hedonism
Balanced hedonism promotes the idea of intertwining short-term pleasures with long-term goals and overall well-being. By seeking a harmonious balance between immediate gratification and prolonged satisfaction, individuals can lead a fulfilling life that caters to both their present and future selves (Schwartz & Cieciuch, 2022).
6. Hedonism in Today's World
In the era of digital connectivity, hedonism manifests in various ways. From the curated lives showcased on social media platforms to the ephemeral joys of online shopping, the modern world offers endless avenues for hedonistic pursuits. However, it's essential to recognize the transient nature of these pleasures and strive for a more profound, lasting sense of happiness (Roccas et al., 2002).
While hedonism champions the pursuit of pleasure, it's the balance between transient joys and enduring contentment that paves the path for a fulfilling life. To delve deeper into understanding hedonism's role in your personal values, consider taking our comprehensive personality assessment on www.findyourvalues.com. The PVQR assessment, based on Schwartz's refined theory, offers invaluable insights into your core values, empowering you with self-awareness and guiding personal growth (Schwartz & Cieciuch, 2022).
- Schwartz, S. H. (1992). Universals in the content and structure of values: Theoretical advances and empirical tests in 20 countries. In Advances in experimental social psychology (Vol. 25, pp. 1-65). Academic Press.
- Roccas, S., Sagiv, L., Schwartz, S. H., & Knafo, A. (2002). The big five personality factors and personal values. Personality and social psychology bulletin, 28(6), 789-801.
- Sagiv, L., & Schwartz, S. H. (2022). Personal values across cultures. Annual review of psychology, 73, 517-546.
- Schwartz, S. H., & Cieciuch, J. (2022). Measuring the refined theory of individual values in 49 cultural groups: psychometrics of the revised portrait value questionnaire. Assessment, 29(5), 1005-1019.
- Schwartz, S. H. (2006). Basic human values: An overview.
- Deci, E. L., & Ryan, R. M. (1985). Intrinsic motivation and self-determination in human behavior. New York: Plenum.
About The Author
Benedict Heblich is a values-driven business founder, postdoc and Digital Innovation Scout in the field of motivational Psychology. He is striving to co-create cutting-edge products and services for the best of people and planet. As the initiator and co-founder of Find Your Values (www.findyourvalues.com), he has developed and commercialized the personality assessment ‘Core Values Finder’ with his team. The Core Values Finder builds on the best of psychological research and practice to bring humans one step closer to their heart.
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