Personal Core Value: Universalism – Tolerance
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The Personal Core Value: Universalism – Tolerance is an Intrinsic Motivator.
Explore the significance of Universalism-Tolerance in our diverse world on this page. Learn how this core value promotes respect, understanding, and acceptance across different cultures, contributing to a harmonious and inclusive society.
1. What is Universalism-Tolerance?
Universalism-Tolerance is a key value centered on embracing and respecting the diversity of cultures, beliefs, and lifestyles. It advocates for an open-minded acceptance and appreciation of differences among people, transcending mere passive tolerance. This approach to diversity is essential for fostering mutual understanding and empathy, reducing prejudices, and encouraging harmonious interactions in a diverse society (Schwartz, 1992; Allport, 1954).
In the context of globalization, Universalism-Tolerance becomes increasingly relevant. It plays a crucial role in navigating cultural intersections, promoting social cohesion, and combating discrimination. Embracing this value contributes to more inclusive communities where diversity is seen as a strength rather than a division, fostering environments where all individuals feel valued and respected (Berry, 2017; Pettigrew & Tropp, 2006).
2. The Interplay of Universalism-Tolerance and Self-Determination Theory
The interplay between Universalism-Tolerance and Self-Determination Theory (SDT) offers a fascinating perspective on how embracing diversity and practicing tolerance can align with and enhance our intrinsic psychological needs. SDT, conceptualized by Deci and Ryan, identifies autonomy, competence, and relatedness as fundamental to human motivation and well-being (Ryan & Deci, 2000). Universalism-Tolerance intersects with these needs in several impactful ways.
Universalism-Tolerance aligns with the SDT component of autonomy, which involves acting in harmony with one’s true self and values. When individuals embrace tolerance as a personal value, they autonomously choose to respect and appreciate diverse perspectives and cultures. This choice reflects an internalized value system and contributes to a sense of personal integrity and self-congruence.
Engaging with diverse groups and cultures can enhance one's sense of competence. Universalism-Tolerance encourages individuals to learn about and understand different worldviews, which can expand their knowledge and interpersonal skills. This learning process not only fosters personal growth but also enhances one’s ability to navigate and thrive in diverse social environments.
Relatedness, a key aspect of SDT, involves feeling connected to others. Universalism-Tolerance fosters this sense of connection on a broader scale. By appreciating and valuing diversity, individuals can form deeper and more meaningful relationships with a wider range of people. This expanded sense of community and belonging meets the need for relatedness in a profound and inclusive manner.
Therefore, the synergy between Universalism-Tolerance and SDT highlights that valuing and practicing tolerance not only contributes to a more harmonious society but also fulfills intrinsic psychological needs. It supports the idea that embracing diversity and practicing tolerance is not just a societal ideal but a pathway to personal well-being and psychological health.
3. Real-Life Examples of Universalism-Tolerance
Universalism-Tolerance, emphasizing acceptance and respect for diverse cultures and beliefs, manifests in various real-life scenarios, demonstrating both positive and negative aspects.
Positive Examples of Universalism-Tolerance:
Multicultural Education Programs: Educational initiatives that promote multicultural understanding and respect for diversity exemplify Universalism-Tolerance. These programs, often implemented in schools and universities, help students appreciate different cultures, fostering empathy and reducing prejudices.
Interfaith Dialogues and Initiatives: Activities that bring together individuals from various religious backgrounds to share and understand each other's beliefs showcase Universalism-Tolerance. These initiatives promote mutual respect and understanding among different faith communities, helping to bridge gaps and build cohesive societies.
Negative Examples of Universalism-Tolerance:
Tolerance Used to Justify Inaction: In some cases, the concept of tolerance is misapplied to avoid addressing discriminatory or harmful practices under the guise of respecting cultural differences. This misuse of tolerance can lead to the perpetuation of injustices and social inequalities.
Superficial Tolerance in Workplace Diversity: Sometimes, organizations may claim to embrace diversity without making substantial efforts to create inclusive environments. This superficial tolerance, often aimed at enhancing public image, fails to address underlying biases and does not foster genuine intercultural understanding or respect.
These real-life examples illustrate the multifaceted nature of Universalism-Tolerance. While it can lead to constructive and harmonious intercultural interactions, it is crucial to apply this value genuinely and effectively, going beyond superficial acceptance to foster deep understanding and respect for diversity.
4. Universalism-Tolerance & The Challenges in Today's Modern World
In the modern global landscape, Universalism-Tolerance faces significant challenges despite being more important than ever. This value, emphasizing the acceptance and appreciation of cultural, racial, and individual differences, is crucial for fostering a peaceful and cohesive society. However, implementing it effectively amidst complex global dynamics can be challenging.
One of the major hurdles is the rise of populism and polarizing ideologies that often contradict the principles of Universalism-Tolerance. These movements can foster an environment of division and intolerance, prioritizing homogeneity over diversity and undermining efforts to create inclusive societies (Mudde, 2019).
Another challenge comes from the digital age, where social media can both connect and divide. While it offers a platform for diverse voices and cultural exchange, it also has the potential to amplify echo chambers and spread misinformation, which can increase intolerance and misunderstanding among different groups (Allcott & Gentzkow, 2017).
Additionally, the refugee crisis and immigration issues present a significant test for Universalism-Tolerance. The influx of refugees and migrants has sparked debates on cultural integration and tolerance, with some advocating for open, inclusive policies while others call for stricter controls, citing cultural preservation and security concerns (Betts & Collier, 2017).
Moreover, the challenge of balancing respect for cultural practices with universal human rights standards remains a sensitive and complex issue. Efforts to promote tolerance and respect for diverse traditions can sometimes clash with the need to uphold fundamental human rights, necessitating nuanced and empathetic approaches (Sen, 1999).
In conclusion, while Universalism-Tolerance is a value that can greatly contribute to a harmonious global society, realizing its full potential requires navigating these challenges thoughtfully. It calls for a commitment to understanding, education, and dialogue to bridge divides and build a more tolerant and inclusive world.
Incorporating Universalism-Tolerance into our daily lives is a step towards a more harmonious existence. To delve deeper into understanding its role in your personal values, consider taking our comprehensive personality assessment on www.findyourvalues.com. The PVQ-RR assessment, based on Schwartz's refined theory, offers invaluable insights into your core values, empowering you with self-awareness and guiding personal growth (Schwartz & Cieciuch, 2022).
- Schwartz, S. H. (1992). Universals in the content and structure of values: Theoretical advances and empirical tests in 20 countries. In Advances in experimental social psychology (Vol. 25, pp. 1-65). Academic Press.
- Allport, G. W. (1954). The Nature of Prejudice. Addison-Wesley.
- Berry, J. W. (2017). Mutual Intercultural Relations. Cambridge University Press.
- Ryan, R. M., & Deci, E. L. (2000). Self-determination theory and the facilitation of intrinsic motivation, social development, and well-being. American Psychologist, 55(1), 68-78.
- Mudde, C. (2019). The Far Right Today. Polity.
- Allcott, H., & Gentzkow, M. (2017). Social Media and Fake News in the 2016 Election. Journal of Economic Perspectives.
- Betts, A., & Collier, P. (2017). Refuge: Transforming a Broken Refugee System. Penguin.
- Sen, A. (1999). Development as Freedom. Oxford University Press.
- Schwartz, S. H., & Cieciuch, J. (2022). Measuring the refined theory of individual values in 49 cultural groups: psychometrics of the revised portrait value questionnaire. Assessment, 29(5), 1005-1019.
About The Author
Benedict Heblich, Ph.D. is a values-driven business founder and postdoc in the field of motivational Psychology. He has several scientific publications in the area of self-determination theory & Prof. Schwartz's Theory of Basic Human Values. He is striving to co-create cutting-edge products and services for the best of people and the planet. As the initiator and co-founder of Find Your Values (www.findyourvalues.com), he has developed the research-based personality assessment ‘Core Values Finder’ with his team. The Core Values Finder builds on the best of psychological research and practice to bring humans one step closer to their heart.
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